Thardeep Rural Development Programme is a not-for-profit integrated rural development programme working with poor and vulnerable segments of society particularly women in the most deprived and remote areas of Sindh Province. TRDP takes Social Mobilization as the foundation of its entire work. Through participation of community institutions, it undertakes programme activities under the major themes of elementary education with focus on girl’s education, maternal and child health, child rights protection, livelihood and enterprise development, food security, disaster preparedness and management and water & sanitation. In order to implement a range of integrated activities TRDP employs ‘capacity building’ of community activists and its staff as the key strategy. Social Research is a continuous process which complements both the operation and capacity building of TRDP programme. Read More...



Enable the Government of Sindh from 2018 to support and sustain community-driven local development initiatives throughout the province, through the provincial budget, based on a dedicated and costed policy in partnership with Community Institutions.


To stimulate community-driven local development initiative to reduce poverty in two  rural districts in Sindh, paying particular attention to empowering women.

The aim of the SUCCESS programme is to reduce poverty through social mobilization. Living conditions are expected to improve by building social capital for better access to basic social and financial services, and income generating activities; working along with the Government of Sindh to define the basis for formulation of a local development policy in consideration of the learning from the UCBPRP. The programme is designed on the successfully tested RSPs model of three-tier social mobilization approach based on community driven development that produced positive in the earlier phase of UCBPRP. The programme will also involve districts authorities, ensuring their close interaction with the communities and their engagement in planning development based on community needs. Research studies conducted under this programme are expected to create knowledge base which will contribute to policy changes and increase public spending on rural development.

Social Mobilization

The Social mobilization process starts with the collection of basic information about Union Councils i.e., preparing village profiles and a poverty assessment. This helps in preparing a Union Council profile that provides information about existing resources, demographic structure, existing infrastructure and information about livelihoods of the people. The next step is program introduction and social mobilization of the community members through establishment of a three tier structure of community institutions. These institutions will then provide a platform for planning and implementation of household and village level interventions to improve the lives of the people. The structure of the three tired social mobilization is illustrated in the following figure:

These institutions will then provide a platform for planning and implementation of household and village level interventions to improve the lives of the people.

Based on the needs identified in the MIPs, poor households will be provided assistance in finalizing their plans for income generation activities. This support will be provided by SMTs and CRPs. These economic activities may include small scale businesses, livestock rearing, value addition in agriculture products, handicrafts etc. depending on the demand of local markets. After finalization of their plans, small cash grants will be provided to these beneficiaries through the community institutions (CO/VO/LSOs). All these interventions will be at the household level. The skilled beneficiaries through vocational and technical trainings will be preferred for this support to start their own businesses


Technical & Vocational Skills Training

Based on the MIP, potential beneficiaries for vocational and technical skills will be identified and assessed on the basis of the selection criteria given in the Programme Implementation Manual (PIM). According to their needs, a training plan will be prepared and trainings organized, preferably at the local level. After completion of the trainings, concerned CO/VO members and CRPs will provide assistance and follow up to these trained beneficiaries to help them in getting employment/starting their own business.


Income Generating Grants

The beneficiaries will be selected using the criteria given in the Programme Implementation Manual and ensuring that all these households have PSC score of 0-18. Final selection will include an assessment of each individual by the SMT/LSO/CRP to assess proper utilization of the assistance, his/her business plan and willingness to implement the plan. This will also include providing information and guidance to the selected beneficiaries as to how they can improve their business plan. On an average 209 beneficiaries will be selected in each Union Council. In case the list of identified households is greater than this number, then households with the lowest PSC score will be selected in each Union Council.


Community Investment Funds

The community institutions will facilitate their members to start income generating activities through providing small loans. These loans will be provided through the grants given to the community institutions as CIF. The community institutions (LSO/VO) will use this grant on rotational basis to reach maximum number of their members.


Micro Health Insurance

Based on the PSC scorecard results and community validation, average 433 of the poorest households in each Union Council will be provided with micro health insurance cover. This will help them cover emergency expenses in case of hospitalization of a family member. The micro health insurance is a social protection measure that will help protect them from health related economic shocks that can them further push down the poverty ladder.


Community Physical Infrastructure

TRDP has learned through working with rural communities in arid areas of Sindh that community infrastructure schemes have a significant economic and social impact on organized communities. The community infrastructures not only expand the productive resource base but also create short-term employment opportunities for the local poor. The community infrastructure projects will improve access of rural households to critical services such as clean drinking water, water for irrigation, improved sanitation services, and productive assets prioritized by the community institutions. The community infrastructures will be identified, prioritized, implemented and maintained by the communities themselves through their own institutions of CO/VOs.

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